Year 2 investigate how we change materials

In the first half of Autumn term, we started exploring the different materials around us: https://www.thomasbuxton.towerhamlets.sch.uk/blogs/year2/2018/11/09/year-2-investigate-materials/

In the second half of Autumn term we developed this learning further by investigating how we can change materials. We investigated what happens when we squash, bend, twist and stretch different materials.

We also considered ways that we can change materials (e.g. heating bread so that it turns to toast), and discussed what makes materials suitable for some uses and not others.

For example, do you think that chocolate would be a suitable material to make a teapot from? Why/ Why not? Leave us a comment below!

We also learned about John Dunlop, a famous scientist for whom the properties of different materials was very important. Can you remember what he is famous for? Leave us a comment to explain.

In addition, we made cross curricular links to our learning about materials. For example in Literacy we wrote our own ‘traditional tale with a twist’ based on Eco-Wolf and the Three Bad Pigs, a retelling of The Three Little Pigs. Instead of houses made of straw, wood and bricks we had houses made of materials such as glass, diamonds, plastic and sweets!

In our cooking sessions we also observed how we can change materials by mixing them together and applying heat. We made delicious scones, imagining they were for Charles II after his baker’s shop burned down in the Great Fire of London. We also made and decorated gingerbread biscuits in the lead up to Christmas. The recipes are below if you want to make these at home!

How to bake mouth-watering scones

Have you ever wanted to impress a VIP guest? This recipe will show you how to bake the most delicious scones – fit for a King!

What you need: Ingredients: self-raising flour (225g), a pinch of salt, butter (50g), milk (120ml), caster sugar (30g) and mixed berries (50g).

Utensils: mixing bowl, wooden spoon to mix, measuring jugs, rolling pin, baking tray and biscuit cutters.

What you do:

  1. First, carefully measure out the flour, salt and butter and put into a round mixing bowl.
  2. Then, rub together with your fingertips until it looks like crumbly breadcrumbs. Now stir in the fine caster sugar and mixed berries.
  3. After that, pour in the fresh milk and slowly mix together.
  4. Next, knead the mixture with your clean hands.
  5. Now, gently roll out the soft dough and cut out shapes.
  6. Then, put the scones on a baking tray, brush them with milk and cook them until golden brown.
  7. Finally, take the scones out of the oven and leave them to cool.

Tip: Be careful, make sure you switch the oven off afterwards!

Gingerbread recipe: https://www.bbc.com/food/recipes/gingerbread_men_99096

Let us know if you make either of these recipes at home!

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